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25 April - ANZAC's and the Birth of Nations

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25 April - ANZAC's and the Birth of Nations

Unread postby Max ADU » Sun Apr 21, 2013 2:18 pm

Today in Australian History
25 April 1915

**MUST SEE** ANZAC video at bottom
also see Lest we forget - Be proud of our Australian Forces

ANZAC Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand. It is commemorated by both countries on 25th April every year. This day is to honour the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli during World War I.

ANZAC Day is now more broadly commemorates all those who served and died in military operations for their countries.

Birth of Nations
In 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of an Allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula

Gallipoli.jpg
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The campaign was the first major battle undertaken in the war by Australia and New Zealand. This event marks the birth of national consciousness for both countries.

The ANZAC force landed at Gallipoli on 25th April 1915, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Army commanded by Mustafa Kemal (later known as Atatürk).

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What had been planned as a bold strike to knock the Ottomans out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months.

Though the Gallipoli campaign failed to achieve its military objectives of capturing Constantinople and knocking the Ottoman Empire out of the war, the actions of the Australian and New Zealand troops during the campaign bequeathed an intangible but powerful legacy.

The Casualties of Gallipoli
There were nearly half a million casualties during the Gallipoli campaign, according to the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs.

Turkish casualties were estimated at 87,000

At the end of 1915, the Allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships.

ANZAC casualties killed and wounded was about a quarter of those who had landed on the peninsula.
Australia - 8,709 killed ... 19,441 wounded
New Zealand - 2,721 killed ... 4,752 wounded


In addition to these casualties, many soldiers became sick due to the unsanitary conditions, especially from centric fever, dysentery and diarrhoea,estimated that 145,000 more Allied soldiers became ill during the campaign. Turkish sick are given as 64,000

"The last of the ANZACs"
Alexander William ("Alec") Campbell was born 26 February 1899 in Launceston, Tasmania. He died at the age of 103 on 16 May 2002 in Hobart, Tasmania.

Alec-Cambell.jpg
"the last of the Anzacs."
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Alec Campbell was the last surviving Australian participant of the Gallipoli campaign during the First World War.

His death broke the last living link of Australians with the Gallipoli story.

Watch on youtube.com
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Max ADU
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Re: 25 April - ANZAC's and the Birth of Nations

Unread postby Max ADU » Fri Apr 24, 2015 6:09 pm

Updated
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Hello

Unread postby Merlindic » Thu Jan 05, 2017 11:40 pm

I couldn't resist commenting. Well written!
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